Publication Date

April 2019


Stephen Angle


College of Social Studies


English (United States)


This thesis focuses on the career development of the Chinese Educational Mission students in China. The Chinese Educational Mission was a study abroad program run by Qing government from 1872 to 1881, sending 120 students, ranging from 10 to 15 years old, to study in the United States. They attended middle school, high school and college before the program was curtailed in 1881. The students, upon their return, began a lifelong path to find their own identity in various governmental posts. This thesis focuses on the students’ career development in China and aims to construct a narrative putting the students in a larger historical context. In arguing that the previous scholarships were either too general or too specific, with one aims to tell a encyclopedia story while the other lose sight of the historical context, this thesis proposes that the students, while mistreated and distrusted by the government, still remained loyal to China, and in the end managed to recreate the Chinese Educational Mission by founding the Boxer Indemnity Program, a study abroad program much more in line with the original vision of the CEM’s founder, Dr. Yung Wing.



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