Publication Date

April 2015


Laura Ann Twagira


History (HIST)


English (United States)


During the Sudanese Civil Wars (1955-1972; 1983-2005) the shift in conceptions of manhood from before the war to during the war was extremely detrimental and emasculating for male youth in the South. Male youth had to scramble to adjust to ever changing curriculums, the constant absence of schooling in their communities, and the continuous violence that ravaged the South. To survive, male youths took to two different livelihoods to assert their power and masculinity: soldiering and education, both of which showed glimpses of pre-war traditions such as notions of bravery, power, and resistance. While some men made it through the education system, South Sudan still suffers from the effects of poor development in the educational sector, a consequence that disallows male youth from seeking livelihoods outside of guerilla warfare or traveling abroad for school. This project will weave together an archive of sources, blending together the meaning of childhood and manhood in conversation with ethnographic accounts as well as the recreation of these traditions in order to survive. This history will be more than just oral history, as it will tie together original oral interviews with ethnographies, colonial archival materials, memoirs and autobiographies.



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